Dandruff is not only visually distressing for those who have it, it can actually be painful. Even though it presents itself as if it’s just one thing, dandruff can actually be one of many things. And, as can be predictable, different things need different approaches. There is no one solution that treats all dandruff, but you need to understand where it’s coming from in order to be able to target it properly. You can suffer not only from a flaky scalp but also itching and redness.
So, if you’re suffering from flaky particles all over your scalp, stay with us and discover what can be causing it and how to address it.
What causes dandruff?
The origin of dandruff can have multiple causes. All in all, you have two main issues: excessive cell replacement on the scalp and inflammation. These two factors are what cause all the usual symptoms. Besides this, you can have two different types of flaking. Either they are white, small, and fall on your shoulders; or they’re yellow, greasy, and tend to form patches on the scalp. Really understanding which of these you have is extremely important, as they have different origins. The first ones can be a side effect of dry scalp (or eczema), or even an allergic response to something that you had contact with (contact dermatitis). The usual culprits here are treatments that color, bleach, or straighten your hair. However, many shampoos can have a disruptive effect on the scalp also. On the other hand, the yellow flakes that stick to the scalp are usually a result of seborrheic dermatitis. You can also have psoriasis, but for that, there are specific products for the psoriatic scalp.
How to target a flaky scalp?
Use mild shampoos
Mild shampoos are always a good approach when it comes to dandruff. Even if you suffer from seborrheic dermatitis, you’ll need one of these to alternate with the treatment shampoo. These gentle formulas can help you remove dandruff by gently cleansing the scalp while giving it time to recover the skin barrier. The best part is that you can use them all the time.
Choose an intensive formula shampoo
In case you’re dealing with seborrheic dermatitis or suffer from intense itching, however, a mild shampoo will not be enough. You will need to target that scalp imbalance with ingredients that can rebalance your skin microbiome.
Apply localized treatments
Given that shampoos only stay in the scalp for a short period of time, sometimes you need something that’ll stay for longer. Hence, that is where sprays come into action. They’re both practical and they will help your scalp get back to normal.
To check out other options to treat dandruff, check out our product list of dandruff shampoos and lotions and also sensitive scalp management.
Pharmacy Technician & Beauty Writer