On the latest blog post we covered the basics of exfoliation, like what it does and how many times you should exfoliate each part. You can read all about it here. Now we’re going deeper into the world of exfoliating products and we’re going to cover your options regarding each type of exfoliator.
Methods of exfoliation
As we’ve said before, exfoliation is the process of removing the dead cells from the top layers of the skin, but there are different ways of achieving this goal, thus the different exfoliation methods.
> Mechanical exfoliation – this type of exfoliation removes dead cells through abrasion by using hard particles, usually mixed with a cream or oil base in order to make the process smoother. Usually, these particles are either mineral-derived, nut shells, or made of cellulose polymers – the plastic beads have been forbidden by law due to the ecological concerns. These hard particles scrape the dead cells on top of the skin, providing an effective but also aggressive method of dead cell removal. Since the facial skin is thinner, we usually advise that you choose this method for the body, as it’s less likely that this will disrupt the skin. There is another method of mechanical exfoliation, which are the cleaning mechanical devices, and they work in the same way by scrapping the dead cells.
> Chemical exfoliation – even though the name might sound scary in fact these chemicals are usually naturally derived acids, extracted from fruits, and do not need to be scary at all. They work by dissolving the bonds between the superficial cells, making them get loose and fall by themselves. If you think of your skin as a brick wall, these ingredients help to dissolve the concrete on the top layers and the bricks will then fall by themselves. This results in a gentler way to remove the cells without any direct aggression towards the ski. You can even choose the best ingredient for your skin, considering that glycolic acid is the most potent, mandelic and lactic acids are suitable for sensitive skin and salicylic acid is great for oily skin. Another way of having this chemical exfoliation is by using natural enzymes (like the ones from pineapple or papaya) in order to achieve the same effect – some people categorize this as “enzymatic exfoliation” and others as chemical, as the process is essentially the same as with the chemical peels.
What exfoliant should I use?
You should always have different exfoliators for the body and the face, because, as we’ve previously explained, the facial skin is thinner.
Here are some recommendations for you:
> Facial mechanical exfoliators – if you opt for a mechanical exfoliator for the facial skin, we always believe it’s better to choose one with small particles in order not to harm the skin. We recommend that you choose one that has both methods (chemical and mechanical) for better results like the Filorga Scrub Mask. If you have sensitive skin, La Roche-Posay Ultra-Fine Scrub is always our option and if you need an antiaging effect, you should go for Sesderma Mandelac Scrub. If your skin is not very demanding, then Martiderm Face Scrub should be perfect for you.
> Facial chemical exfoliators – our very best facial exfoliators are definitely in this category. They should be used as toners, so almost all of them are categorized as toners. If you have sensitive skin, choose La Roche-Posay Effaclar Toner. For the anti-aging kick, we always recommend Filorga Oxygen Peel in order to achieve maximum results. For oily skin, we have two great options – the Lierac Sebologie Solution and the Neostrata Oily Skin Solution.
> Body exfoliators – not many body scrubs have both mechanical and chemical action, but Filorga Scrub&Peel is one of those, providing a great exfoliation. Nuxe does a few great exfoliators, from which we recommend the Nuxe Rêve de Miel Scrub if you have dry or very dry skin, or the Nuxe Body Melting Body Scrub if your skin is normal. For those looking for an efficient solution, Martiderm Body Scrub is always a good option.
Head of Content at Care to Beauty